A significant portion of electricity bills for the average American home is attributable to the use of air conditioning units for cooling. This expenditure on electrical energy is especially high in hotter months where HVAC systems will need to work extra hard to achieve a decent level of cooling.

Considering the immense amounts of money Americans invest in cooling their homes annually, they must invest in the cooling system best suited to their unique requirements. Apart from the cost of purchase and installation, other critical considerations for air conditioner types should include unit size, efficiency, and cooling requirements.

These factors are considered in more detail in this article to help you decide the residential air conditioning system that best suits your home.

Different Types of Air Conditioners for Homes

Five distinct types of A/C units for homes are available for use depending on the size of the area to be cooled, the budget of the home, and the convenience of installation/use. These A/C options are listed below:

  • Central air conditioners
  • Mini-split air conditioners
  • Window units/wall units

Central Air Conditioners

Central A/C unit circulates temperature-controlled air through a home via air ducts. Central A/C system is made up of a furnace or air handler, evaporator coil, and condenser. Large or multi-story homes may have multiple systems.

Mini-Split Air Conditioners

Mini-split air conditioners are found in homes that do not have ductwork. These units have a separate outdoor compression component connected to an indoor air-handling unit by tubing which circulates refrigerant. The indoor and outdoor components are usually wall-mounted on the internal and external surfaces.

Among the advantages of opting for these types of A/C units are that they can be easily installed and zoned to be energy efficient.

types of air conditioners for homes

Window/Wall Units

These are a popular choice for cooling single rooms and incorporate all the air conditioner components within a single wall-mounted unit. This A/C type can also be fitted in a slot created within a pre-existing window. The major drawback to this choice of cooling is the disruption it causes to the wall or window through which it is installed.

URETEK Gulf Coast doesn’t service this A/C configuration.

What Kind of Air Conditioning Unit Do I Need?

The following critical factors need to be considered before deciding on the type of air conditioner to purchase:

  • Warranties
  • The seasonal energy efficiency ratio
  • Optional energy-saving features
  • Budget
  • Home Size


Most HVAC manufacturers will grant some form of warranty on their products, potential customers must look closely at the terms of the stated warranties to decide what best suits them. Whereas some manufacturers may offer lifetime warranties on faulty components, they may exclude the cost of maintenance service. On the other hand, some warranties may only offer to replace faulty components within a certain timeframe.

Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio

The seasonal energy efficiency ratio (SEER) determines how much electrical energy will be required to cool a home in various weather conditions.

Optional Energy Saving Features

Most new generation air conditioners incorporate energy-saving features which help cut utility costs significantly. While the cost of purchase and installation might be higher than older models, their long-term operating costs will be noticeably lower. Some common energy-saving features built into new model air conditioning units include:

  • Variable speed motors
  • Automatic fan delay switches
  • Dual-stage air cooling
  • Thermal expansion valves


If a limited budget is your major concern, then opting for a window-mounted or a portable moveable air conditioner might be your best bet. Mini-split units are a more expensive option but purchasing multiple units can quickly stack up costs.

Central air conditioning units are quite costly but more durable and efficient than both the wall-mounted and mini-split types. Contact the URETEK Gulf Coast team for air conditioning replacement in Houston today.

Home Size

This is perhaps the most important factor to consider when purchasing a cooling unit. Selecting a unit with appropriate capacity will ensure even and proper home cooling. For example, central air conditioners typically range from 1.5-ton to 5-ton units. A standard 1,600 ft2 home will require at least a 3-ton cooling unit while larger spaces will require a 5-ton or higher air conditioning system.

Contact URETEK for Professional A/C Repair Today

At URETEK Gulf Coast, we offer professional A/C repair services focused on optimizing your home cooling experience. Our dedicated and experienced technicians offer tailored and lasting solutions for your home air conditioning.

Contact us online today to schedule a check-up or service call with the URETEK Gulf Coast team today.